- imperialismThis word is first attested in the 19c, when it reflected the British politics of the time and denoted what was seen as the benevolent spirit or principle of empire. In the 20c, it came to be used disparagingly, first by the Communist bloc with reference to the US and the Western powers generally, and then conversely to refer to the imperial system or policies of the USSR in the countries over which it held sway. Imperialism is now a largely historical concept, although the word is still used in political writing of the continuing or potential imperial policies of certain countries, predominantly the US but also the West generally in the context of Middle Eastern politics. Cultural imperialism is the attempt to impose social or cultural characteristics, such as language, on other nations, typically to further the political and commercial interests of the imposer:
• A list in which Anglo-American films so outnumber the rest of the world is, in my opinion, a list based on arrogant cultural imperialism: believing English-language culture far superior to all others is the real elitism —Guardian, 2007.
Modern English usage. 2014.
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Imperialism — A word of polemical power, analytical imprecision, and historically variant meaning, the term imperialism is used in this volume to describe the period of rapid European expansion in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Imperialism is … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
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Imperialism — Im*pe ri*al*ism, n. 1. The power or character of an emperor; imperial authority; the spirit of empire. [1913 Webster] Roman imperialism had divided the world. C. H. Pearson. [1913 Webster] 2. The policy, practice, or advocacy of seeking, or… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Imperialism — Разработчик Frog City Software Издатель SSI Дата выпуска 1997 Жанр Пошаговая стратегия Платформа Apple Macintosh, Windows Режим игры … Википедия
imperialism — (n.) 1826, advocacy of empire, originally in a Napoleonic context, also of Rome and of British foreign policy, from IMPERIAL (Cf. imperial) + ISM (Cf. ism). At times in British usage (and briefly in U.S.) with a neutral or positive sense relating … Etymology dictionary
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imperialism — [im pir′ē əl iz΄əm] n. 1. imperial state, authority, or system of government 2. the policy and practice of forming and maintaining an empire in seeking to control raw materials and world markets by the conquest of other countries, the… … English World dictionary
Imperialism — For the computer game, see Imperialism (video game). Territories that are or were once part of the British Empire Imperialism, as defined by Dictionary of Human Geography, is the creation and/or maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural, and… … Wikipedia
imperialism — imperialist, n., adj. imperialistic, adj. imperialistically, adv. /im pear ee euh liz euhm/, n. 1. the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies … Universalium
imperialism — Literally ‘empire ism’, a term originally used in the 1860s to denote the political and military aspirations of Napoleon III in France, and later applied to Great Power rivalry in general, involving military competition and the acquisition of… … Dictionary of sociology